Ocean Currents » national endowment for the oceans http://blog.oceanconservancy.org News, opinions, photos and facts from Ocean Conservancy Fri, 28 Apr 2017 22:26:28 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=3.4.2 The Most Important Congressional Action on the Ocean You’ve Never Heard of http://blog.oceanconservancy.org/2013/11/15/the-most-important-congressional-action-on-the-ocean-youve-never-heard-of/ http://blog.oceanconservancy.org/2013/11/15/the-most-important-congressional-action-on-the-ocean-youve-never-heard-of/#comments Fri, 15 Nov 2013 13:00:07 +0000 Emily Woglom http://blog.oceanconservancy.org/?p=6955 Aerial view of San Miguel Island of the Channel Islands, California

Photo: Jonathan Hubbell / Photo Contest 2011

Right now, Congress has a major opportunity to protect our ocean and coasts. It can create a National Endowment for the Oceans and safeguard the existing National Ocean Policy in one fell swoop.

How? Well, it’s a tale of two bills.

The House and the Senate both recently passed versions of a bill called the Water Resources Development Act (WRDA), but their versions are different. The Senate version would establish a National Endowment for the Oceans (NEO), which would expand scientific research, provide planning and resource management, restore habitat and much more. Conversely, the House version not only fails to establish this endowment, it guts the existing National Ocean Policy (NOP) that ensures smart use of ocean resources.

Soon, a committee made up of members of Congress from both chambers will come together in a “conference” to combine the two bills into a single final version. The ocean will either get a big win or suffer a big loss.

What’s at stake?

Following the recommendations of the bipartisan U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy, NEO would invest in our ocean’s future. The endowment authorizes grants to state, regional and tribal entities as well as academic institutions and nonprofit organizations to support ocean and Great Lakes research and restoration projects such as:

  • Restoration of wetlands, coral reefs, sea grass beds and watersheds
  • Mapping, monitoring, observation and modeling of ocean, coastal and Great Lakes systems
  • Adaptation to the impacts of climate change and mitigation of coastal hazards, including infrastructure protection
  • Research and monitoring of ocean acidification, hypoxia and harmful algal blooms
  • Conservation of sensitive marine, coastal and Great Lakes species and their habitats
  • Baseline data collection, ecosystem assessments and mapping for use in planning for new sustainable ocean uses and protecting ecosystem health
  • Planning for sustainable coastal development

To put the importance of this work into perspective, consider that scientists estimate that we’ve explored less than 5 percent of the ocean, that 91 percent of ocean species remain undiscovered, and that we have better maps of the surface of Mars than we do of the United States’ territorial ocean waters.

Moreover, NEO’s investments would create jobs and support coastal economies. They would also ensure that present and future generations benefit from the ecological, economic, educational, social, cultural, spiritual, nutritional and recreational resources of our ocean, coasts and Great Lakes.

Then, there’s the NOP. When it comes to making decisions that impact our ocean, every tool should be on the table for gathering and sharing information. The NOP is one of those vital, common-sense tools. It allows the entities responsible for ocean use planning to coordinate with each other, increasing efficiency and reducing redundancy.

The NOP also pushes ocean and coastal management out to the regional level, putting ocean management decisions in the hands of on-the-ground people and businesses that will be impacted by ocean management decisions. In the words of Sen. Edward Markey, opposing the National Ocean Policy is like opposing air traffic control.

Attacks on the NOP have ranged from hyperbolic to hysterical, with the latest one coming in the form of an amendment to WRDA offered by Rep. Bill Flores, who is not from a coastal district.

The “Flores rider” attempts to block full implementation of the NOP. It would prohibit the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, a key coastal and ocean management agency, from coordinating with coastal states, other federal agencies and the public as they engage in smart ocean planning.

Banning coordination between the Corps and these entities is misguided. Smart ocean planning is currently being used by several states – from Massachusetts to Oregon – with great success. Imposing such an arbitrary restriction harms states, the Army Corps, and the ocean and coastal economy.

A healthy ocean provides employment, direct economic benefits, recreation, wildlife habitat, cultural identity and indirect economic services like protection from natural disaster. Ocean Conservancy staff members are working hard on Capitol Hill to make sure the final bill is a win for the ocean and the people who rely on it. You can help by telling your member of Congress to support the National Endowment for the Oceans and oppose the anti-National Ocean Policy Flores rider in the WRDA bill.

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A Chance to Start Paying the Ocean Back http://blog.oceanconservancy.org/2013/05/08/a-chance-to-start-paying-the-ocean-back/ http://blog.oceanconservancy.org/2013/05/08/a-chance-to-start-paying-the-ocean-back/#comments Wed, 08 May 2013 16:56:21 +0000 Emily Woglom http://blog.oceanconservancy.org/?p=5720

credit — Architect of the Capitol

UPDATE:  Good news! The Senate voted this afternoon FOR the National Endowment for the Oceans amendment with a bipartisan vote of 68-31.  Read on for more information.

Votes are taking place in the Senate today that could play an important role in the future of clean water and our ocean.

The oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, Superstorm Sandy, and the influx of marine debris from the Japanese tsunami have focused the American public on the ecological and economic value of our ocean and coastal resources like never before. Whether your interest is in protecting species like marine mammals and sea turtles, providing opportunities for beachgoing and recreational fishing, or supporting vibrant coastal communities, a healthy ocean matters. Given the environmental and economic importance of marine and coastal ecosystems, we should be investing more in monitoring, researching, protecting and restoring the vitality of these systems. We should be facilitating their ability to adapt to long-term change and their resilience so that they can better recover when disasters happen, whether man-made or natural.

The National Endowment for the Oceans and Great Lakes (NEO) is going to be voted on this afternoon as an amendment to the Water Resources Development Act or WRDA (S. 601).   Ocean Conservancy has serious concerns with WRDA as currently written, and efforts are being made to improve the bill.  While that it is happening, it is vital that we take the opportunity to underscore the importance of the National Endowment for the Oceans.

The NEO amendment would create a permanent federal endowment that, once funded, would provide a steady funding stream that states, universities, communities, and government agencies can count on to support ocean and Great Lakes research and restoration projects.  These investments will ensure that present and future generations benefit from the ecological, economic, educational, social, cultural, spiritual, nutritional, and recreational resources of our oceans, coasts and Great Lakes.

Here are a few key facts about the National Endowment for the Oceans:

  • The endowment would be administered by the Secretary of Commerce and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF)
  • The endowment would distribute funds through two grant programs for activities to restore, protect, maintain, or understand the resources of the ocean, coasts and Great Lakes.
  • The grant programs include formula grants to coastal and Great Lakes states, and a nationally competitive grant program.

The grant programs established in the Endowment would fund projects to restore, protect, maintain and understand U.S, oceans, coasts and Great Lakes, including:

  • Restoration of wetlands, coral reefs, sea grass beds and watersheds
  • Mapping, monitoring, observation and modeling of ocean, coastal and Great Lakes systems
  • Adaptation to the impacts of climate change and mitigation of coastal hazards, including infrastructure protection
  • Research and monitoring of ocean acidification, hypoxia and harmful algal blooms
  • Conservation of sensitive marine, coastal and Great Lakes species and their habitat
  • Baseline data collection, ecosystem assessments and mapping for use in planning for new sustainable ocean uses and protecting ecosystem health
  • Planning for sustainable coastal development

 

 

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