The Blog Aquatic » humpback whale http://blog.oceanconservancy.org News, opinions, photos and facts from Ocean Conservancy Thu, 28 Aug 2014 17:32:30 +0000 en-US hourly 1 http://wordpress.org/?v=3.4.2 Marine Debris and Unforgettable Humpbacks in Wonder Bay http://blog.oceanconservancy.org/2013/06/25/marine-debris-and-unforgettable-humpbacks-in-wonder-bay/ http://blog.oceanconservancy.org/2013/06/25/marine-debris-and-unforgettable-humpbacks-in-wonder-bay/#comments Tue, 25 Jun 2013 17:11:26 +0000 Nick Mallos http://blog.oceanconservancy.org/?p=6182 humpback whale breach

Credit: Nick Mallos/Ocean Conservancy

One of the most amazing experiences from my time with the GYRE Expedition occurred in Wonder Bay—a name that each locale in Alaska is rightly deserving of as the beauty and tranquility of the landscape here never ceases. Although Wonder Bay is aptly named, the debris problem here was much bigger than we expected considering its relatively small wrack line roughly 100 meters from the tide line, much higher than the other beaches we’ve surveyed.

My morning objective was to search for bottle caps along the wrack lines of each of the three pocket beaches lining Wonder Bay. I plucked 227 caps from the three beaches, some requiring far greater effort than others to collect.

A red bottle cap sticking out of a dense area of sedge grass quickly revealed another eight PET bottles, each with a colorful cap. With only a quick glance none of these items were visible, causing me to ponder how many other bottles and caps were hidden among the grasses or tucked into the various crevices among the rocks.

Beyond the beach’s berm was a small patch of wetland followed by a forest that rises quickly in elevation. Outfitted with my indestructible knee-high boots, I made my way through the quicksand-esque mud to take a look at the tree line of the forest.

To my amazement, I came across another large foam aquaculture float washed in by the tsunami. These floats have become a staple debris item on each beach we visit. The float was nestled behind a massive Sitka spruce some 200 meters from the tideline, and it serves as yet another reminder of the powerful wave and tidal action that influences these remote shorelines.

Nearby the degrading foam, a massive bundle of black plastic strapping bands intertwined with a clump of sedges. The strapping bands were unused and likely lost during transport years ago. The sedges hid most of the synthetic strips, causing several of us to contemplate whether at some point these items stop being pollution and become part of the environment. Ultimately, I think the answer depends on what demonstrable impacts those plastics have.

We departed Wonder Bay’s protection after several hours in the field and all on board the Norseman prepared to enter the legendary Shelikof Strait, which is notorious for delivering massive waves, high winds and all-around discomfort to those individuals who have not yet acquired their “sea legs.” But instead of tumultuous waters and uneasy stomachs, we were graced with the most magical wildlife encounter of my life.

Shortly after leaving Wonder Bay, Carl reported a breaching humpback several hundred meters off the bow. Such a report sends the team into frenzy, and within seconds the bow of the Norseman was full of people, cameras in hand. As we motored into the Strait, spouts increasingly appeared on the horizon in all directions. Fifty whales would not be an exaggeration.

Transfixed by the sights, our excitement grew into pure amazement when a large humpback completely exited the water some 200 meters from the boat. Her re-entry from breach sent a thunderous crash of water into the air. This miraculous evening encounter alone would have been sufficient but the show was not even close to complete.

Moments later, a mother humpback—the one we believe performed the aerial—appeared no more than 30 meters from our vessel, her calf alongside. Captain Paul immediately cut the engines to avoid disturbing or injuring the marine mammals.

My teammates and I stood hypnotized by the close encounter, and although it was not my first such encounter, it might as well have been. The sound of a spouting whale is indescribable—almost spiritual—and from our close proximity, we could feel the power of each exhalation. The mother and child remained close, and the calf fumbled about on the surface, still working to master its surface behavior. After gracing us with 30 minutes of their time, the calf signed off with the most resplendent farewell: a full breach only meters from the boat.

We each stood on the Norseman’s bow. Mirrored images of the Katmai Mountains and setting sun made it difficult to discern where reality started and reflections began. Camera clicks ceased, and no words were spoken. At a time like this, no words or pictures suffice. The best thing to do is simply cherish the moment, as most mariners spend their lifetimes on the sea and do not experience such an encounter.

So there we were, a strange mélange of people from around the world sitting calmly on waters that by all accounts should be turbulent and unforgiving, sharing a moment that will likely be our only in this lifetime.

Alaska. Wow!

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Rare Blue Whales Abundant Off California Coast http://blog.oceanconservancy.org/2012/07/12/rare-blue-whales-abundant-off-california-coast/ http://blog.oceanconservancy.org/2012/07/12/rare-blue-whales-abundant-off-california-coast/#comments Thu, 12 Jul 2012 21:44:37 +0000 Jennifer Savage http://blog.oceanconservancy.org/?p=1571

A blue whale spouts. Credit: NOAA

Few experiences compare to that of seeing nature’s largest creatures swimming, diving and emerging from the sea. First the tell-tale spouting, followed by discerning the massive shape below the water, perhaps a tail fluke or dorsal fin breaking the surface – if you’re particularly lucky, the whale may breach, launching into the air, allowing a full-body view, then splashing down into a crescendo of displaced water.

For those visiting or living in California, this summer offers some of the best whale watching in recent history – what some are calling a once-in-a-lifetime chance. While gray whales are regular commuters along the West Coast during their fall and spring migrations, this summer’s marvel is the high proportion of blue whales. Normally feeding too far off the coast to be seen, the blues have been drawn closer to shore due to the abundance of the shrimp-like krill they love to eat.

Some credit California’s ocean conservation leadership for this return of the blues.  The Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary along California’s central coast is celebrating its 20th anniversary this year.  Mary Jane Schramm, author of West Coast Whale Watching, points out, “…it is no coincidence that the world’s only recovering population of blue whales feeds in the waters of California’s national marine sanctuaries.”

Few places in the world other than California currently support so many blue whales. Read more about blue whales, the threats facing them and how Ocean Conservancy is helping – and you can too.

In addition to the blues, summer is prime humpback whale sighting season ensuring thrills for whale watching enthusiasts. (In Monterey, unusual sightings also include the harmless-to-humans basking shark, plus orcas and fin whales.)

Want to see the whales for yourself? Start with these Monterey and Santa Cruz resources.

And, of course, follow proper whale watching etiquette!

  • Stay at least 300 feet away from the whales.
  • Run boats parallel to whale travel.
  • If multiple boats are out, be careful to avoid boxing the whales in.
  • Never separate a mother whale and her calf.
  • Maintain a steady speed and course; sudden changes can alarm whales.
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